The MKULTRA / Reptoid Connection

by Dr. Helmut Lammer

In the conspiracy literature like David Icke’s new book the Biggest Secret, there is currently a great debate about the claims of various mind control victims, that they experienced or witnessed humans who transformed into reptoid creatures. In our book MILABS: Military Mind Control and Alien Abduction co-authored by my wife Marion, we investigated alleged alien abduction cases where abductees also reported or experienced unwitting human military involvement, so called MILAB-abductions. We also came across cases where the abductees believed that they witnessed reptoid beings during military kidnappings. We found that such cases may represent in reality drug induced screen memories where the mind controllers hide covert experiments, etc.

Michelle (pseudonym) had her first conscious memory of a typical alien abduction experience with non-human beings at the age of eight. She remembers classic alien abduction experiences with three to four-foot-tall ‘Grey’ beings with large heads and almond-shaped eyes. Her following experiences, however, have nothing to do with alien abductions. Since 1995, Michelle has had traumatic flashbacks, reality-like dreams and some consciously remembered MILAB events. She began to remember a face of a reptilian creature, images of travelling in a military Jeep and soldiers with black berets. Interestingly she also recalls being submerged in some type of fluid, heavier than water. This flashback continued to hound her but she couldn’t remember more details.

After these flashbacks Michelle found out that she had a missing time experience in 1970 near Montauk, New York. During this time she visited her aunt and her uncle’s campsite at Ditch Plains in Montauk. Her uncle remembered that she was missing for about three hours. Her recollection of the early part of that day was quite clear but the later part had been vague and blurry.

Michelle decided to do hypnosis regression concerning the missing time experience. Her memory gaps were investigated by Dr. Kouguell a professional Ph.D. hypnotherapist and MUFON consultant, with the use of regressive hypnosis.

A hypnosis session done during September, 1995 revealed that Michelle and a boyfriend had a military kidnapping experience near the campsite at Ditch Plains. She walked with her friend toward the east into the dunes, where they lay down. Suddenly they heard a loud buzzing sound like a car coming near them. She recalled under hypnosis the following story:

‘…We should run away! I try to yell to my friend that we should get out of there. But I can’t talk…I can’t move! I’m scared…I want my mother…A man wearing a soldier’s uniform is looking down at me, standing on my left. On the right is another soldier… Their leader is called Terry and is very tanned, with dark hair and dark glasses…’

The soldiers carried both of them to the military Jeep and travelled north through the dunes.

‘…We are in the back seat of a Jeep…There’s a big hill up ahead. This is so weird! The hill is moving…just part of it. It looks like a door in the hill. It moves forward and then to my right. We drive in. There is another Jeep parked on my left. Two other men with the same uniform and black beret are inside…’

The soldiers drove both to a now closed underground complex near Montauk. After they were separated, Michelle was escorted inside the underground research facility where she had several frightening experiences.

‘…This looks like a garage or something. We go through a door. It’s bright in this hallway. We turn right. My friend is just ahead of me. At the next hallway, he keeps going straight with two guys, but we turn to the right and walk a few feet to an elevator door. He put a credit card-like thing in a slot next to the door. The slot is vertical and there are red and green lights above. The door opens…we go inside…but there are no buttons to push. We are going down…the door opens and it smells funny…like a basement with a cesspool overflow problem…’

After this detailed description of going underground, an unbelievable experience occurs. As we noted in the introduction, the presence of human military personnel inhabiting the same physical reality as non-human beings is unbelievable for skeptics and could easily be used to ridicule the whole MILAB scenario. Michelle described being escorted by military personnel into a dark office-like room where she had a traumatic encounter with a non-human being:

‘…There is almost no furniture in it. There’s something that looks like a padded table. They help me on it and lay me down. Now I am really cold…They leave the room. I can’t seem to move anything but my eyes. Why am I here? I don’t like this. Over to my left something moves. It’s coming closer…I can see it better…Oh God! It’s a monster!…’

At this point Michelle got so agitated that she almost jumped from the recliner in Dr. Kouguell’s office. She got very emotional and couldn’t stop shaking and crying. After Dr. Kouguell calmed her down she remembered the following:

‘…What I see is a creature about 6-7 foot tall. His ears are large and pointed at the top. His eyes are bright yellow-gold and seem to glow. He has pointy teeth and a large wrinkle on his forehead and he has a tail!…’

After the description of the reptoid-like being she remembered how she was raped by this creature. We don’t know what this traumatic experience means. We don’t think, however, that the military worked with this reptoid creature. It could be possible that Michelle was drugged with an hallucinogen, raped by a human and projected the reptoid as a kind of screen memory, although she described the skin and other features of the creature quite realistically.

Long-time LSD researcher Dr. Stanislav Grof reported transpersonal experiences in LSD sessions in his book Realms of the Human Unconscious: Drug Induced Experiences of LSD Subjects. One should note that Dr. Grof worked with large amounts of LSD during the sixties. Therefore, he probably got the drugs from the CIA or from a front organization that was interested in LSD research during this time.

He wrote that the strange alien worlds that LSD subjects discover and explore seem to have a reality of their own, although not in the range of our cosmos; they appear to exist in other dimensions or in universes coexistent with ours. The drugged individual can encounter ‘entities’ who have bizarre physical forms.

Some LSD subjects had so-called ‘poly genetic experiences.’ In this type of experience the drug user has a quite realistic identification with animals on various levels of polygenetic development. At one point a female of Dr. Grof’s LSD subjects had a sense of complete identification with a female of a species of large reptiles.

While experiencing this in the session, she opened her eyes and looked at the therapist, who seemed transformed into a reptile, too. She was absolutely fascinated by scale-like facets that she visualized on the side of the head of the therapist.

Since many people have phobias about reptiles or snakes it would be logical that they would experience such beings if they were on a gruelling drug trip. From Dr. Grof’s LSD experiments it should be clear that Michelle’s reptoid/rape experience could have been drug induced, where she possibly saw a human transformed into a reptoid, like some of Dr. Grof’s LSD test subjects.

After the rape, Michelle recalled that the creature went back to the dark side of the room. After a short time two soldiers came in the room, dressed her and escorted her to an examination room with machines, stainless steel equipment and a table covered in white. Michelle was placed on the table and strapped down. After a few minutes, which for her seemed like hours (also a symptom reported by users of hallucinogenic drugs), a group of five to six people, including one female, came into the room. All of them wore medical clothes consisting of white gowns, and surgical masks covered their faces. We describe her encounter in more detail in our book. After this examination Michelle was forced into an isolation tank where she began to hallucinate.

Declassified CIA documents show that the intelligence agencies had great interest in isolation research and used hallucinogenic drugs for cover stories to ridicule or discredit individuals during covert operations. In one declassified MKULTRA document there is mention of documents in the ARTICHOKE files that show their interest in financing experiments and research in chemicals having psychogenic effects. Other documents note that they continue study in the field, and make the findings available on a strictly controlled need-to-know basis.

We believe that Michelle’s experiences show that this was true and that there is evidence that she is a victim of such secret deprivation tank experiments. If the abductee or a mind control victim underwent some kind of hypnoprogramming by military psychiatrists during the experience it should have been possible to create imaginary alien encounters.

Over the past decade, a research project was conducted at an Anaheim, California hospital by Dr. Alvin Lawson and physician W. C. McCall. Their research has led to a scientifically testable hypothesis in regard at least to some alien abduction experiences – the so called ‘Birth Memories Hypothesis.’ The birth memory hypothesis asserts that some alien abduction experiences are a spontaneous involuntary fantasized sequence of images and events unconsciously based on the witness’ own prenatal or birth memories. Interestingly, this was given little credence in the alien abduction research community and was mostly ridiculed by prominent ET-proponents.

In an attempt to objectively evaluate alien abductee claims, they induced imaginary abduction experiences in sixteen volunteers who had demonstrated no significant knowledge of UFOs. Although Dr. Lawson and Dr. McCall expected major dissimilarities between the imaginary recovered stories of the sixteen test subjects, an averaged comparison of data from four imaginary and four real abduction cases showed no substantive differences. Also, numerous patterns of images and events echoing well-established details from real alien abduction encounters emerged from the imaginary sessions.

All of the imaginary subjects described some images and incidents identical with or similar to those in published and unpublished alien abductions. These details ranged from ‘placental disc-like crafts’ hovering overhead, small ‘fetal humanoids,’ ‘womb-like chambers’ to uncommon ‘tunnel of light,’ ‘floating,’ and ‘bonding with an alien’ images, to rare details of high strangeness such as projecting or retracting light beams’ with ‘cut-off’ ends and ‘passing through solid walls’.

Dr. Lawson published the complete study including statistics, graphs, tables and hypnosis transcripts of four imaginary abductees on his internet site. All four imaginary abductees entered a UFO by passing through its solid bottom, and none recalled a doorway. They found that although the imagery and events in alien abduction reports resemble those in several psychological processes, they are especially similar to revivified birth memory narratives such as those conducted with hallucinogenic drugs by before mentioned LSD researcher Dr. Stanislav Grof.

Dr. Lawson believes that the content of some abduction experiences is largely inherent in the mind’s store of fantasies and ‘prenatal memories’, and it does not originate in movies, TV, or reading alien abduction books. Such spontaneously remembered birth memories could indeed be responsible for many alien abduction experiences, although I believe his hypothesis can’t explain ‘all’ alien abduction experiences such as multiple abductions or abductions which were allegedly witnessed by other people.

Dr. Lawson’s imaginary abductees reported also ‘tube’ and ‘tunnel’ scenarios. He claims that such scenarios have analogies to the vaginal tunnel. Dr. Lawson believes that the boarding of a UFO is often similar to birth memories. The abductee seems to be ‘reborn’ inside the craft, in one part of a complex series of prenatal events. One of his imaginary abductees described such an event:

‘A long tube came out of the UFO, and it was about two feet above me…And this long cylinder-like tube came down. It was grey and…was like all colored lights inside of it…I seem to be floating for a second, and then I was inside…’

Real alien abductees have experiences that are often nearly identical. Therefore, a traumatic birth memory could contain similar events to real alien abductions. Such events include loss of control, bright lights, lifted by a tunnel of light (taken aboard through a tube or tunnel), image constants (geometric, battlements, starbursts…), birth imagery/events, a big room (relief after the pressure of vaginal birth), humming womb sounds, extreme tastes and odors (common in Dr. Grof’s drug induced revivified birth memories), physical and/or moral examination, umbilical pain, breathing problems, head and body pressure, paralysis (body, legs or sleep paralysis), cervical doorways, womblike rooms, body size change, life review, messages or bonding with an alien being, birth lab/room events, apocalyptic events (as occurred in Dr. Grof’s drug induced revivified vaginal birth memories), amnesia/time loss…

Dr. Grof’s subjects often described big rooms and huge high-domed circular halls after being injected with a psychoactive stimulant. The source of imaginary abduction experiences, Dr. Lawson maintains, is the collective emotional and sometimes traumatic memories of prenatal experiences. The experience begins in the womb, then proceeds to the birth-struggle, which ends with a bright new realm where there are other beings. In the new realm (the physical world outside the womb-the birth lab) are physical developmental and moral tests. Dr. Lawson beliefs that good-womb and bad-womb memories remain along with a variety of prenatal experiences that please or haunt the minds of some ordinary people.

Dr. Grof describes six types of non-human beings in his revivified birth memory study (human, fetal, animal, robot, exotic creature, apparitional). These types come close to reported alien beings. The alien beings reported in womb-like UFOs are like a ‘fetus’ in its maternal womb-resembling ‘Grey’-like beings. This is the reason why people without knowledge of reported alien entities report similar beings to ‘real’ abductees.

One test subject of Dr. Lawson’s study saw two entity types on board the imaginary UFO. One being resembled a human with white clothes, while the second type of beings were reptiles, which are also common in ‘real’ alien abduction experiences. Concerning the question of how many beings are in the room the imaginary abductee answered:

‘…There are two behind me…It seems that he should look nice like the other one but he doesn’t. He sort of has a scaly-like skin, and I don’t like him very much…I am not very comfortable…when I start thinking that way, I look back at the bearded one, and I feel OK again…He must be the leader. The other…the other two…scaly ones…they don’t…they just seem to be sort of non-existent or guard-type things or something…’

Interestingly, this imaginary abductee also reported reptoid non-human beings on board the imaginary UFO. He was frightened like most ‘real’ alien abductees or Michelle as she encountered the reptoid.

One of Dr. Grof’s LSD test subjects was medicated after a session with Niamid, an antidepressant drug from the group of monoaminooxidase inhibitors. The researchers found that long premedication with Niamid enormously increased the resistance to LSD and made the person almost immune to its effects. Dr. Grof published a short paper about the effects of Niamid, which he considered theoretically interesting but marginal to his research efforts.

He was surprised that the publication aroused an unexpected response. Although the article was published in an obscure journal, within several weeks he received hundreds of requests for reprints from military research centers all over the world. This made Dr. Grof realize that the use of drugs like LSD was being seriously considered for other purposes than the intensification and acceleration of psychotherapy. Therefore, interested military/intelligence psychologists should be aware of the reported parallels between drug-inducted hallucinations and alien abduction experiences since the 1960s!

We think that one can see from Dr. Lawson’s and Dr. McCall’s imaginary alien abductee study that it would be easy for psychiatrists or psychologists who work for secret military/intelligence agencies to create alien abduction scenarios that appear similar to ‘real’ abduction encounters. Drug-induced hallucinations and related psychological processes have long been studied by researchers into hallucinogenic imagery. Most researchers in LSD and related drugs worked for military/intelligence mind-control projects like CHATTER, BLUEBIRD, ARTICHOKE, MKULTRA and MKSEARCH. During those days government researchers also secretly reviewed drug research done by independent psychologists. Significantly, Dr. Stanislav Grof reported that on several occasions during the sessions, LSD subjects had reported contacts or encounters with UFOs and other types of extraterrestrial space ships.

Dr. Lawson’s imaginary alien abductee study and the connection to Dr. Grof’s drug inducted revivified birth memories and LSD-experiments should provide an understanding of how easy it is to create imaginary alien abduction experiences on people who have had no ‘real’ alien/UFO experience, even if the hypnotherapist doesn’t ask leading questions. These results are very important for MILAB cases and cases where alleged alien abductees claim that they have seen human military personnel and non-human beings working side by side in secret military research facilities.


Bowart, Walter. Operation Mind-Control, Researchers Edition, Tucson Arizona, 1996.
Chavoustie, Blanche (e-mail:, and Lynne Moss-Sharman ( Private communication, ACHES-MC, Box 108, Syosset, New York 11791, or 200 Cumberland St. N. #2, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada,
Grof, Stanislav. Realms of the Human Unconscious: Observations in LSD Research, The Viking Press, New York, 1967.
Hutchinson, Michael. Mega Brain: New Tools and Techniques for Brain Growth and Mind Expansion, Ballantine Books, 1986.
Lammer, Helmut. ‘More Findings of Project MILAB: Looking Behind theA lien/Military Abduction Agenda.’ MUFON UFO Journal, No. 355, November 1997.
Lawson, Alvin, H. ‘The Birth Memory Hypothesis: A Testable Theory for UFO Abduction Reports,’ (E-mail:, 1989.
Lawson, Alvin, H. The Alvin Lawson Corner, Area51/Vault/6521, 1998.
Lilly, John. The Scientist: A Metaphysical Autobiography. Ronin Publishing, Inc., Post Office Box 1035, Berkeley, California 94701, 1988/1997.
Lilly, John, C. The Deep Self, Simon and Schuster, New York. Marks, John. The Search for the Manchurian Candidate, W.W. Norton, London, 1979, 1988.
Michelle. Hypnosis transcript, 1996.
Michelle. Private communications, 1996-1998.
Private communication with Dr. Alvin Lawson, 1998.
Private communication with psychotherapist Valerie Wolf, 1997.

From Alien Abductions Via MKUltra to an Implanted Cyber-Situation

by Dr Helmut Lammer

Alien abductions are a very strange and complex phenomenon. For sceptics, most journalists, and the public it is hard to believe that abductions by non human beings have their basis in physical reality. Reports of alien beings entering bedrooms through walls and levitating abductees through closed windows into a waiting UFO are hard for the open-minded researcher to believe, too.

Recently some alien abductees have said that they have been kidnapped by military/intelligence personnel and taken to hospitals and/or military ground/underground research facilities, where they were examined, interrogated and sometimes implanted with tiny devices. Such experiences are called MILABS-covert military abductions of alleged alien abductees. Not many of the popular books on the subject of alien abductions mention these experiences. In fact it seems that well known alien abduction researchers like Budd Hopkins, Prof. David Jacobs and Prof. John Mack ignore such cases, although they know about them.

Especially disconcerting are the facts that abductees recalled seeing military intelligence personnel together with alien beings working side by side in secret military ground or underground research facilities. The presence of human military and/or civilian personnel inhabiting the same physical reality as the alleged alien beings exceeds the mindsets of the sceptics and the open-minded researchers by several orders of magnitude.

In my new book MILABS: Military Mind Control and Alien Abduction, which is co-authored by my wife, we reviewed hypnosis transcripts of MILAB abductees and compare their recovered memories with the experiences of survivors of now known declassified government sponsored mind – or behaviour – control experiments. We found a strong indication that covert ‘human’ military personnel are indeed involved in the alien abduction phenomena. In coming to such a conclusion we researched in our book the following points.

  • Documented history of secret mind – and behaviour – control experiments.
  • A possible purpose of MILABS.
  • Activity of dark unmarked helicopters in connection with alien abductions.
  • Alleged kidnappings of alien abductees by covert military/intelligence
  • Genetic aspect of MILABS.
  • Otherworldly journeys and military underground facilities.
  • Creating an imaginary alien abductee.
  • Toward a controlled society: terrestrial implants and their application to MILABS and future warfare.
  • Military interrogation sessions with alleged alien abductees.

In this article I will address the implant situation, since it is important to offer an overview of terrestrial implant research, technology and its applications for covert operations like MILABS. Implanted electrodes were being used on unwitting persons as early as fifty years ago.

Implant technology was developed after World War II. Both superpowers, the U.S. and the Soviet Union researched intra-cerebral mind-control, electronic stimulation of the brain (ESB), biological radio communication technology called telemetry. An electromagnetic wave can broadcast to a receiver/transmitter located under the skull or in the brain. This signal then records the brain activity and relays it to a computer for analysis, by which all aspects of the subjects life can be monitored. Mrs. Janine Jones from New Zealand is a very early implanted mind control victim. Mrs Jones parents were Norma and Reginald Paul Philips, the latter a prominent politician and Chief Justice of Western Samoa. She was adopted after an implant surgery in 1949. Her natural and adopted parents had backgrounds in the military. Upon her birth at LoverHutt Hospital, she was taken straight into an operating room where she was put on a life-support system, and illegal psychosurgery was performed via stereotaxic methods of drilling into her skull. The incisions left scars that remain to date.

Mrs. Jones is in the possession of x-rays which show implants in the cavities near the cochlea’s of both ears and one in the brain above the nose. Mrs. Jones has very good evidence to back her case, since Dr. Richard Thompson from England has analysed her x-rays and given a statement as follows:

‘Lateral projection shows a foreign object implanted in the frontal lobe directly adjacent to the nasal passages. This object is most probably a radio transmitter… interference in blood circulation is spreading over large areas of the brain. Concentrated in the frontal lobes and in particular around the foreign object. It is highly likely that this blood-flow impairment is the result of the radio-frequency emanating from the transmitter. This, in turn, causes a depletion in oxygen levels and reduced nutrient supply to these areas of the brain, where changes in neurological activity are inevitable.’

Mrs. Jones wrote to me recently:

‘Currently it is fair to assume that the two sets of electrodes inserted into my skull are firmly enmeshed with bone, muscle, nerves, blood and chemicals inside my brain. I am, in effect, a live radio circuit. The surface around my ears to the base of my skull emits gas which discharges in audible ‘plops’ onto nearby objects like wood, plastic, metal and worst of all my bedtime pillow at night. When I am directly in the path of oncoming microwaves, my head discharges like a volley, pouring into the surrounding environment.’

Swedish researchers also have evidence in x-rays of operations that took place at Karolinska Hospital in 1946 and Sachska Children Hospital in 1948, both facilities located in Stockholm. The mother of one such victim claimed that she heard her son Bengt’s screams from the lab-room during an unscheduled visit. As she rushed in she saw a surgical team and nurses, who ushered her out, although she witnessed how they were driving a large amount of electrodes through the base of her son’s still soft skull. Bengt has suffered for over 48 years from these medical experiments, he has also spent several years of his life in a psychiatric unit.

During the late 1950s and early 1960s neuro-scientist Dr. Jose Delgado invented the stimoceiver, an electrode capable of receiving and transmitting electronic signals via FM radio waves. Such a device, implanted in the brain via the sinus cavities, will act as a powerful stimulant when activated by FM radio wave. One can speculate that the stimoceiver has since been modified to receive stimulation from microwave pulses and is capable of wielding a great degree of control over the implanted victim’s response mechanisms.

One of the best documented cases of implantation of unknown electronic devices is the case of Robert Naeslund. The first doctor to support his struggle to show what he has been used for, Prof. Peter Lindstrom at University of California wrote in a letter to him:

‘In response to your most recent letter regarding the roentgen films I can only confirm that some foreign objects, most likely brain transmitters have been implanted at the base of your frontal brain and in the skull… I fully agree with Lincoln Lawrence who in his book “Were We Controlled?” on page 27 wrote: “There are two particularly dreadful procedures which have been developed . Those working and playing with them secretly call them ‘R.H.I.C. and E.D.O.M.’ – Radio-Hypnotic Intracerebral Control and Dissolution of Memory.’’

Robert Naeslund describes in a report which is available from Gruppen, a Swedish organisation opposing mind control experiments:

‘It was on my first occasion with the police, the 10 March 1972, that I was put to sleep without my consent and when I awoke a few hours later is was to a whole new circumstances. The first thing I was aware of was a deeply disturbing radio signal in my head. As one can see from x-ray pictures, this transmitter had been inserted through my left nostril. Dr. Lindstrom’s reference in his second letter to the process as ‘electronic dissolution of the memory’ is a fitting description of what was an obvious changement of my memory functions because of the intensive radiation.’

What is clear is that the exploitation of human beings in secret experiments by mind-control had given rise to a new mentality amongst these involved. British implant victim N’Tumba described similar effects:

‘… Concerning the brain implant in my head, it has been performing without my knowledge or consent…What’s very outrageous is that I am sharing all my vision, thought images, hearing…etc. with people around me as the security services are engaging in a large scale propaganda drive to smear my character, background, behavior, emotions and motives…I have no privacy at all…I am not a spy, I am not a criminal, I am not a terrorist. Being an innocent victim of MI5…My persecution started in June 1988…’

Mr. N’Tumba has x-rays in his possession that were reviewed by medical experts in Stockholm, Sweden. The doctors confirmed that a tiny transmitter has been implanted in his left nostril. Furthermore, one can see that electrodes placed in the occipital lobe are blocking the blood flow causing oxygen depletion. This is seen as well in his frontal brain just above the implanted transmitter. Moreover, Mr. N’Tumba has obviously been anaesthetised without his knowledge, or this implantation could not have been performed.

There are CIA documents which were released via the Freedom of Information Act in the USA, which document that the American spy agency researched implants during its MKULTRA mind control projects 40 years ago.

A declassified CIA MKULTRA Subproject No. 94 document, dated November 22, 1961 , shows that this subproject dealt with miniaturised stimulating electrode brain implants. After having succeeded in remote conditioning and animal control, there was interest in expanding this area of research to human subjects,

Interestingly there exists a research proposal for the same subproject where the CIA proposed secret field studies on humans in the 1960’s! This is the time where the first alien abduction cases like Betty and Barney Hill came into the implant/mind-control field studies.

We show in our MILABS book that it is easy to create alien abduction scenarios with the help of hallucinogenic drugs and hypnosis as a cover for hiding secret mind control experiments. We present a declassified CIA MKULTRA document which shows the use of psychochemicals to control or discredit an individual. Interestingly, they discuss studies that are based on a strictly ‘need to know’ basis in the field.

Alleged alien abductees have been reported since the 1960s. How strange that non-human beings implanted them by placing small objects up their nose through the nasal passage and sinus cavity. An important fact is that transnasal implantation is in common use in neurosurgery! One can therefore speculate if the alleged alien beings doing such implant procedures in reality are agents from black ops units?

A secret agency, interested in tracking and monitoring physiologic information about a person who is unwittingly used for covert tests or experiments with directed energy weapons could also use Bio-medical telemetry. This is defined as a special area of biomedical instrumentation that permits transmission of physiologic informationfrom an often inaccessible location to a remote monitoring site. The transmitting unit can be implanted within the subject’s body. Animals have been monitored with bio-telemetry for about thirty years. By using telemetric systems as a method of monitoring alien abductees, the military could obtain data, such as information on respiration, muscular tension and the presence of adrenaline in the bloodstream.

Recently, the Austrian TV program ORF2 reported in the scientific magazine Modern Times that medical researchers sponsored by the German government developed a brain-implant for monitoring people for heart attack prevention or other medical purposes. The bio-telemetric brain implant has the size of a rice grain (0.8x2mm). It was reported that this 21 million dollar ‘civilian’ research project was given a top priority by the German science ministry. The whole report was propaganda for the ‘medical’ use of brain-implants.

Medical doctors were quoted who had envisioned that in the near future ‘everybody’ would be implanted with such a device. They claimed that three hundred thousand people per year suffering from heart attacks in Germany alone could be protected with this biotelemetic monitoring technique. Sadly, nobody reported the negative aspects of this technology. If the visions of some doctors and governments come true, that everybody will be implanted and monitored with such devices, then George Orwell’s 1984 would look old fashioned.

Cognitive manifestations and activity such as thoughts and visual impressions or emotions, and behaviour and psychological reactions could continually be registered, making it possible for secret military/intelligence agencies, medical scientists and the government to observe an implanted individual in a deeper and more comprehensive way than the person himself could.

Through analysis and manipulation by computer, it is even possible for changes in an individual’s physical and mental status to be effected. The potential of intracerebral remote control is limited only by the imagination of the researcher.

We show in our book MILABS that there is also a great military interest in implants today. A recent paper published for the Air Force, looking ahead to technological needs in the year 2025, has the title ‘Information Operations: A New War-Fighting Capability’. In this paper, the authors also write about a brain-implanted cyber situation. They propose implanted microscopic brain chips to perform two functions. First, the bio-chip connects the implanted individual to a constellation of integrated or smart satellites (IIC) in low earth orbit, creating an interface between the implanted person and the information resources. The implant relays the processed information from the IIC to the user. Second, the biochip creates a computer-generated mental visualisation based upon the user’s request. The visualisation encompasses the individual and allows the user to place himself into a selected ‘battlespace’. In addition, a wide range of lethal or nonlethal weapons would be linked to the IIC, allowing special authorised implanted users (super-cyber-soldiers) to directly employ these weapons.

This means that a soldier would be capable of viewing the normal world plus an overlay of information identifying and describing specific objects in his field of view. He would now be able to evaluate the threat those targets represented and order a variety of weapons systems to engage and destroy the targets from a distance.

The military study concludes, that cyber-soldiers should converse with computers. It is also interesting that the brain implants, used for the proposed cyber-situation should disintegrate if the implanted soldier is captured or killed by the enemy, the chip disintegrates and cannot be extracted by the enemy for reverse engineering.

Further, when faced with events of espionage and defections of friendly users to the enemy side, the IIC satellites would have the capability to deactivate and disintegrate the offender’s implanted chips. Interestingly, disintegrated implants were sometimes reported after their removal by persons who claimed that they were abducted by aliens.

One can see from such military studies that secret research in human-brain-machine and virtual-reality implant research is already well underway. Some of the references in this paper refer to military research institutes and are classified for the public. Since the authors write that implanting devices in human beings raises ethical and public relation issues today, everybody who is in the possession of the IIC/brain implant technology would be a ‘Big Brother’ who could watch over the whole globe. We should ask who the guinea pigs are in these futuristic research projects?

Interestingly, they suggest that concerns about implanting things in the human organism may be founded on today’s thinking; in 2025 the notion may not be as alarming. It seems that we are moving to a ‘monitored’ and ‘implanted’ society!


Lindquist, Lennart, Taylor, Evamarie, Naeslund Robert. ‘Cybergod.’ Gruppen, Stockholm, Sweden, 1996.
Delgado, Jose, M.R. Physical Control of the Mind: Towards a Psychocivilized Society, Harper and Row, New York, Evaston and London, 1969.
Private communications with various mind-control victims and research organizations like Ed Light’s Mind-Control Forum, http://.mk.netlmcf,19961998.
Private communications with Robert Naeslund, 19961998 Lammer, Helmut, and Lammer, Marion. Verdeckte Operationen: Militaerische Verwicklungen in UFO-Entfuehrungen (Covert Operations: Military Involvement in UFO Abductions/mind-control/Bio chips/underground Bases/Exotic Weapons). Herbig (Thomas Wimmer Ring 11, D-80539 Munich), Munich, 1997.
Private communication with Robert Naeslund and: Naeslund, Robert. Letter to Prime Minister Carl Bildt, Stockholm, November 19, 1992.
International Network Against Mind-Control, Box 136, 11479 Stockholm, Sweden, 1992
Hardy, J. ‘Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy’, Neurosurgery., Vol. 34, page 582-594, 1971.
Griffith, H.B., et al. ‘A Direct Transnasal Approach to the Penoid Sinus.’ Technical Note, J. Neurosurgery, Vol. 66, page 920-924, 1987.
Rosenfeld, J.V. ‘Transnasal Stereotactic Biopsy of a Civus Tumor.’ J. Neurosurgery, Vol. 76(5), page 878-879, 1992.
Jutter, C., dean, Wen, H. Ko., Spear, M., Thomas, Mackay, Stuart. ‘Bio-medical Telemetry.’ Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, March, 1993. Bochdansky, Alexander. ‘Ein Chips im Kopf schlaegt Alarm’, Modern times, ORF2, January 9, 1998.
‘Air Force 2025: 2025 support officer Air University, Air Education and Training Command.’ Developed by the Air Force Base, Alabama, August, 1996.
Osborne, William, B. (LTC), Bethel, Scott, A. (Maj), Chew, Nolen, R. (Maj), Norstrand, Philip, (Maj), Whitehead, Yulin, G. (Maj). ‘ Informations Operations: A New War Fighting Capability.’ A Research Paper presented to Air Force 2025, August 1996.

Reality & Imagination Flow in Opposite Directions

As real as that daydream may seem, its path through your brain runs opposite to external reality.

Aiming to discern discrete neural circuits, researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have tracked electrical activity in the brains of people who alternately imagined scenes or watched videos.

“A really important problem in brain research is understanding how different parts of the brain are functionally connected. What areas are interacting? What is the direction of communication?” says Barry Van Veen, a UW-Madison professor of electrical and computer engineering. “We know that the brain does not function as a set of independent areas, but as a network of specialized areas that collaborate.”

Van Veen, along with Giulio Tononi, a UW-Madison psychiatry professor and neuroscientist, Daniela Dentico, a scientist at UW–Madison’s Waisman Center, and collaborators from the University of Liege in Belgium, published results recently in the journal NeuroImage. Their work could lead to the development of new tools to help Tononi untangle what happens in the brain during sleep and dreaming, while Van Veen hopes to apply the study’s new methods to understand how the brain uses networks to encode short-term memory.

During imagination, the researchers found an increase in the flow of information from the parietal lobe of the brain to the occipital lobe — from a higher-order region that combines inputs from several of the senses out to a lower-order region.

In contrast, visual information taken in by the eyes tends to flow from the occipital lobe — which makes up much of the brain’s visual cortex — “up” to the parietal lobe.

“There seems to be a lot in our brains and animal brains that is directional, that neural signals move in a particular direction, then stop, and start somewhere else,” says. “I think this is really a new theme that had not been explored.”

The researchers approached the study as an opportunity to test the power of electroencephalography (EEG) — which uses sensors on the scalp to measure underlying electrical activity — to discriminate between different parts of the brain’s network.

Brains are rarely quiet, though, and EEG tends to record plenty of activity not necessarily related to a particular process researchers want to study.

To zero in on a set of target circuits, the researchers asked their subjects to watch short video clips before trying to replay the action from memory in their heads. Others were asked to imagine traveling on a magic bicycle — focusing on the details of shapes, colors and textures — before watching a short video of silent nature scenes.

Using an algorithm Van Veen developed to parse the detailed EEG data, the researchers were able to compile strong evidence of the directional flow of information.

“We were very interested in seeing if our signal-processing methods were sensitive enough to discriminate between these conditions,” says Van Veen, whose work is supported by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering. “These types of demonstrations are important for gaining confidence in new tools.”

Obama – The Supreme Liar

Indoctrinating a new generation by William Blum

Is there anyone out there who still believes that Barack Obama, when he’s speaking about American foreign policy, is capable of being anything like an honest man? In a March 26 talk in Belgium to “European youth”, the president fed his audience one falsehood, half-truth, blatant omission, or hypocrisy after another. If George W. Bush had made some of these statements, Obama supporters would not hesitate to shake their head, roll their eyes, or smirk. Here’s a sample:

“In defending its actions, Russian leaders have further claimed Kosovo as a precedent – an example they say of the West interfering in the affairs of a smaller country, just as they’re doing now. But NATO only intervened after the people of Kosovo were systematically brutalized and killed for years.”

Most people who follow such things are convinced that the 1999 US/NATO bombing of the Serbian province of Kosovo took place only after the Serbian-forced deportation of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo was well underway; which is to say that the bombing was launched to stop this “ethnic cleansing”. In actuality, the systematic deportations of large numbers of people did not begin until a few days after the bombing began, and was clearly a reaction to it, born of Serbia’s extreme anger and powerlessness over the bombing. This is easily verified by looking at a daily newspaper for the few days before the bombing began the night of March 23/24, 1999, and the few days following. Or simply look at the New York Times of March 26, page 1, which reads:

… with the NATO bombing already begun, a deepening sense of fear took hold in Pristina [the main city of Kosovo] that the Serbs would now vent their rage against ethnic Albanian civilians in retaliation. [emphasis added]

On March 27, we find the first reference to a “forced march” or anything of that nature.

But the propaganda version is already set in marble.

“And Kosovo only left Serbia after a referendum was organized, not outside the boundaries of international law, but in careful cooperation with the United Nations and with Kosovo’s neighbors. None of that even came close to happening in Crimea.”

None of that even came close to happening in Kosovo either. The story is false. The referendum the president speaks of never happened. Did the mainstream media pick up on this or on the previous example? If any reader comes across such I’d appreciate being informed.

Crimea, by the way, did have a referendum. A real one.

“Workers and engineers gave life to the Marshall Plan … As the Iron Curtain fell here in Europe, the iron fist of apartheid was unclenched, and Nelson Mandela emerged upright, proud, from prison to lead a multiracial democracy. Latin American nations rejected dictatorship and built new democracies … “

The president might have mentioned that the main beneficiary of the Marshall Plan was US corporations, that the United States played an indispensable role in Mandela being caught and imprisoned, and that virtually all the Latin American dictatorships owed their very existence to Washington. Instead, the European youth were fed the same party line that their parents were fed, as were all Americans.

“Yes, we believe in democracy – with elections that are free and fair.”

In this talk, the main purpose of which was to lambaste the Russians for their actions concerning Ukraine, there was no mention that the government overthrown in that country with the clear support of the United States had been democratically elected.

“Moreover, Russia has pointed to America’s decision to go into Iraq as an example of Western hypocrisy. … But even in Iraq, America sought to work within the international system. We did not claim or annex Iraq’s territory. We did not grab its resources for our own gain. Instead, we ended our war and left Iraq to its people and a fully sovereign Iraqi state that could make decisions about its own future.”

The US did not get UN Security Council approval for its invasion, the only approval that could legitimize the action. It occupied Iraq from one end of the country to the other for 8 years, forcing the government to privatize the oil industry and accept multinational – largely U.S.-based, oil companies’ – ownership. This endeavor was less than successful because of the violence unleashed by the invasion. The US military finally was forced to leave because the Iraqi government refused to give immunity to American soldiers for their many crimes.

Here is a brief summary of what Barack Obama is attempting to present as America’s moral superiority to the Russians:

The modern, educated, advanced nation of Iraq was reduced to a quasi failed state … the Americans, beginning in 1991, bombed for 12 years, with one dubious excuse or another; then invaded, then occupied, overthrew the government, tortured without inhibition, killed wantonly … the people of that unhappy land lost everything – their homes, their schools, their electricity, their clean water, their environment, their neighborhoods, their mosques, their archaeology, their jobs, their careers, their professionals, their state-run enterprises, their physical health, their mental health, their health care, their welfare state, their women’s rights, their religious tolerance, their safety, their security, their children, their parents, their past, their present, their future, their lives … More than half the population either dead, wounded, traumatized, in prison, internally displaced, or in foreign exile … The air, soil, water, blood, and genes drenched with depleted uranium … the most awful birth defects … unexploded cluster bombs lying in wait for children to pick them up … a river of blood running alongside the Euphrates and Tigris … through a country that may never be put back together again. … “It is a common refrain among war-weary Iraqis that things were better before the U.S.-led invasion in 2003,” reported the Washington Post. (May 5, 2007)

How can all these mistakes, such arrogance, hypocrisy and absurdity find their way into a single international speech by the president of the United States? Is the White House budget not sufficient to hire a decent fact checker? Someone with an intellect and a social conscience? Or does the desire to score propaganda points trump everything else? Is this another symptom of the Banana-Republicization of America?

Long live the Cold War

In 1933 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt recognized the Soviet Union after some 15 years of severed relations following the Bolshevik Revolution. On a day in December of that year, a train was passing through Poland carrying the first American diplomats dispatched to Moscow. Amongst their number was a 29 year-old Foreign Service Officer, later to become famous as a diplomat and scholar, George Kennan. Though he was already deemed a government expert on Russia, the train provided Kennan’s first actual exposure to the Soviet Union. As he listened to his group’s escort, Russian Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov, reminisce about growing up in a village the train was passing close by, and his dreams of becoming a librarian, the Princeton-educated Kennan was astonished: “We suddenly realized, or at least I did, that these people we were dealing with were human beings like ourselves, that they had been born somewhere, that they had their childhood ambitions as we had. It seemed for a brief moment we could break through and embrace these people.”

It hasn’t happened yet.

One would think that the absence in Russia of communism, of socialism, of the basic threat or challenge to the capitalist system, would be sufficient to write finis to the 70-year Cold War mentality. But the United States is virtually as hostile to 21st-century Russia as it was to 20th-century Soviet Union, surrounding Moscow with military bases, missile sites, and NATO members. Why should that be? Ideology is no longer a factor. But power remains one, specifically America’s perpetual lust for world hegemony. Russia is the only nation that (a) is a military powerhouse, and (b) doesn’t believe that the United States has a god-given-American-exceptionalism right to rule the world, and says so. By these criteria, China might qualify as a poor second. But there are no others.

Washington pretends that it doesn’t understand why Moscow should be upset by Western military encroachment, but it has no such problem when roles are reversed. Secretary of State John Kerry recently stated that Russian troops poised near eastern Ukraine are “creating a climate of fear and intimidation in Ukraine” and raising questions about Russia’s next moves and its commitment to diplomacy.

NATO – ever in need of finding a raison d’être – has now issued a declaration of [cold] war, which reads in part:

“NATO foreign ministers on Tuesday [April 1, 2014] reaffirmed their commitment to enhance the Alliance’s collective defence, agreed to further support Ukraine and to suspend NATO’s practical cooperation with Russia. ‘NATO’s greatest responsibility is to protect and defend our territory and our people. And make no mistake, this is what we will do,’ NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said. … Ministers directed Allied military authorities to develop additional measures to strengthen collective defence and deterrence against any threat of aggression against the Alliance, Mr. Fogh Rasmussen said. ‘We will make sure we have updated military plans, enhanced exercises and appropriate deployments,’ he said. NATO has already reinforced its presence on the eastern border of the Alliance, including surveillance patrols over Poland and Romania and increased numbers of fighter aircraft allocated to the NATO air policing mission in the Baltic States. … NATO Foreign Ministers also agreed to suspend all of NATO’s practical cooperation with Russia.”

Does anyone recall what NATO said in 2003 when the United States bombed and invaded Iraq with “shock and awe”, compared to the Russians now not firing a single known shot at anyone? And neither Russia nor Ukraine is even a member of NATO. Does NATO have a word to say about the right-wing coup in Ukraine, openly supported by the United States, overthrowing the elected government? Did the hypocrisy get any worse during the Cold War? Imagine that NATO had not been created in 1949. Imagine that it has never existed. What reason could one give today for its creation? Other than to provide a multi-national cover for Washington’s interventions.

One of the main differences between now and the Cold War period is that Americans at home are (not yet) persecuted or prosecuted for supporting Russia or things Russian.

But don’t worry, folks, there won’t be a big US-Russian war. For the same reason there wasn’t one during the Cold War. The United States doesn’t pick on any country which can defend itself.

Cuba … Again … Still … Forever

Is there actually a limit? Will the United States ever stop trying to overthrow the Cuban government? Entire books have been written documenting the unrelenting ways Washington has tried to get rid of tiny Cuba’s horrid socialism – from military invasion to repeated assassination attempts to an embargo that President Clinton’s National Security Advisor called “the most pervasive sanctions ever imposed on a nation in the history of mankind”.But nothing has ever come even close to succeeding. The horrid socialism keeps on inspiring people all over the world. It’s the darnedest thing. Can providing people free or remarkably affordable health care, education, housing, food and culture be all that important?

And now it’s “Cuban Twitter” – an elaborately complex system set up by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) to disguise its American origins and financing, aiming to bring about a “Cuban Spring” uprising. USAID sought to first “build a Cuban audience, mostly young people; then the plan was to push them toward dissent”, hoping the messaging network “would reach critical mass so that dissidents could organize ‘smart mobs’ – mass gatherings called at a moment’s notice – that might trigger political demonstrations or ‘renegotiate the balance of power between the state and society’.”It’s too bad it’s now been exposed, because we all know how wonderful the Egyptian, Syrian, Libyan, and other “Arab Springs” have turned out.

Here’s USAID speaking after their scheme was revealed on April 3: “Cubans were able to talk among themselves, and we are proud of that.”We are thus asked to believe that normally the poor downtrodden Cubans have no good or safe way to communicate with each other. Is the US National Security Agency working for the Cuban government now?

The Associated Press, which broke the story, asks us further to believe that the “truth” about most things important in the world is being kept from the Cuban people by the Castro regime, and that the “Cuban Twitter” would have opened people’s eyes. But what information might a Cuban citizen discover online that the government would not want him to know about? I can’t imagine. Cubans are in constant touch with relatives in the US, by mail and in person. They get US television programs from Miami and other southern cities; both CNN and Telesur (Venezuela, covering Latin America) are seen regularly on Cuban television”; international conferences on all manner of political, economic and social issues are held regularly in Cuba. I’ve spoken at more than one myself. What – it must be asked – does USAID, as well as the American media, think are the great dark secrets being kept from the Cuban people by the nasty commie government?

Those who push this line sometimes point to the serious difficulty of using the Internet in Cuba. The problem is that it’s extremely slow, making certain desired usages often impractical. From an American friend living in Havana: “It’s not a question of getting or not getting internet. I get internet here. The problem is downloading something or connecting to a link takes too long on the very slow connection that exists here, so usually I/we get ‘timed out’.” But the USAID’s “Cuban Twitter”, after all, could not have functioned at all without the Internet.

Places like universities, upscale hotels, and Internet cafés get better connections, at least some of the time; however, it’s rather expensive to use at the hotels and cafés.

In any event, this isn’t a government plot to hide dangerous information. It’s a matter of technical availability and prohibitive cost, both things at least partly in the hands of the United States and American corporations. Microsoft, for example, at one point, if not at present, barred Cuba from using its Messenger instant messaging service.

Cuba and Venezuela have jointly built a fiber optic underwater cable connection that they hope will make them less reliant on the gringos; the outcome of this has not yet been reported in much detail.

The grandly named Agency for International Development does not have an honorable history; this can perhaps be captured by a couple of examples: In 1981, the agency’s director, John Gilligan, stated: “At one time, many AID field offices were infiltrated from top to bottom with CIA people. The idea was to plant operatives in every kind of activity we had overseas, government, volunteer, religious, every kind.”

On June 21, 2012, the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA) issued a resolution calling for the immediate expulsion of USAID from their nine member countries, “due to the fact that we consider their presence and actions to constitute an interference which threatens the sovereignty and stability of our nations.”

USAID, the CIA, the National Endowment for Democracy (and the latter’s subsidiaries), together or singly, continue to be present at regime changes, or attempts at same, favorable to Washington, from “color revolutions” to “spring” uprisings, producing a large measure of chaos and suffering for our tired old world.


  1. William Blum, America’s Deadliest Export – Democracy: The Truth About US Foreign Policy and Everything Else, p.22-5
  2. Walter Isaacson & Evan Thomas, The Wise Men (1986), p.158
  3. Washington Post, March 31, 2014
  4. NATO takes measures to reinforce collective defence, agrees on support for Ukraine”, NATO website, April 1, 2014
  5. Sandy Berger, White House press briefing, November 14, 1997, US Newswire transcript
  6. Associated Press, April 3 & 4, 2014
  7. Washington Post, April 4, 2014
  8. Associated Press, June 2, 2009
  9. George Cotter, “Spies, strings and missionaries”, The Christian Century (Chicago), March 25, 1981, p.321

Any part of this report may be disseminated without permission, provided attribution to William Blum as author and a link to this website are given.

New Technique for Leaving Your Body

Leaving the body behind while the mind travels has been a goal of many and new research shows another technique for doing so.

The idea of an out-of-body experience (OBE) first gained widespread popularity with the publication of Robert Monroe’s book  “Journeys Out of the Body” in 1971. After Mr. Monroe awoke one night to find himself floating on his ceiling he learned that he could actually travel without his body and started a life-long quest to understand the phenomenon and help others learn to leave their bodies at will. He founded the Monroe Institute which used sound to stimulate specific brainwave patterns. Unfortunately, the Monroe Institute was co-opted by US military intelligence and the more meaningful research and development remains secret. The Monroe Institute became the boot-camp for the military’s psychic spying (remote viewing) program and was also used to help some military scientists improve their intuitive skills.

This author was fortunate enough to meet Mr. Monroe at the Monroe Institute a couple of months before he journeyed out of his body for the last time and experience his out-of-body presence first hand.

When aerospace engineer Jack Houck held his psychokensis (PK) (spoon-bending) parties some participants were lucky enough to try his electronic out of body device that enabled them to hear their own brain waves. Because most frequencies in the brain are below the range of human hearing, Houck’s device modulated white noise with the lower frequency brain-waves. A significant number of people had out-of-body experiences upon hearing their own brain-waves. Unfortunately, few were aware of Mr. Houcks research and it too was buried deep in the military.

Recent research carried out by Dr. Jane Aspell, Senior Lecturer in Psychology at Anglia Ruskin University, and Dr Lukas Heydrich at Olaf Blanke’s lab at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne found that an out-of-body experience can also be generated through the visual projection of human heartbeats.

Volunteers were fitted with a head mounted display (HMD), which served as ‘virtual reality goggles’. They were filmed in real time by a video camera connected to the HMD, which allowed them to view their own body standing two metres in front of them.

By also recording the volunteers’ heartbeat signals using electrodes, the timing of the heartbeat was used to trigger a bright flashing outline which was superimposed on the virtual body shown via the HMD.

After watching the outline flash on and off in sync with the heartbeat for several minutes, the subjects experienced a stronger identification with the virtual body (it felt more like their own body) and also perceived that they were at a different location in the room than their physical body (closer to their double). The experiment also showed that the volunteers experienced touch at a different location to their physical body.

Dr Aspell said:

“This research demonstrates that the experience of one’s self can be altered when presented with information about the internal state of one’s body, such as a heartbeat.

“This is compatible with the theory that the brain generates our experience of self by merging information about our body from multiple sources including the eyes, the skin, the ears, and even one’s internal organs.”

It has long been known that gazing into a mirror can enhance intuition. The prophet Nostradamus is reported to have gazed at his reflection in a bowl of water to experience an expended state of consciousness and view the future. Near-death-experience (NDE) researcher and the late psychic Ingo Swann both recommended sitting in a dark room in front of a dimly lit mirror to enhance intuitive perception.

While many in the mainstream refuse to consider that the human mind can exist separately from the brain, the evidence clearly shows that the mind can operate independently of the body. Perhaps the mind is automatically drawn to the body and by tricking the mind by projecting an image of the body, the beat of the heart or the sound of the brain, one can pull the mind away from the actual body. One can only imagine what the U.S. military has done with such technology after 60 years of R&D.

Can Meditation Cure?

Sixteen study participants took part in an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Program at the University of Massachusetts Center for Mindfulness. Magnetic Resonance Images were taken two weeks prior to the experiment and two weeks after. The participants were meditating about an average of twenty seven minutes in a day and document the process by answering questionnaires. A control group is also taken with the images but without the meditation sessions.

“Although the practice of meditation is associated with a sense of peacefulness and physical relaxation, practitioners have long claimed that meditation also provides cognitive and psychological benefits that persist throughout the day,” says Sara Lazar, PhD, the study’s senior author.

After analyzing the magnetic resonance images, an increase of grey matter in the hippocampus was reported. This particular brain structure is related to memory, sense of self, empathy, learning, compassion and stress. Abnormalities in this same structure is linked to Alzheimer’s disease.

A familiar effect of meditation, reduction in stress, was also reported by the subjects. This is correlated with the decreasing grey matter in the amygdala known to be linked with stress and anxiety.

Earlier studies identified a self-awareness-related structure called insula. In the current study, no changes were observed in this area that the authors suggest a long-term study may be conducted separately to support this finding.

Results from the control group never reported any changes at all. In 8 weeks time, no changes observed in their hippocampus, amygdala and insula structures after they have been subjected to Magnetic Resonance Imaging just as the other group did.

One of the lead researchers indicated that their study is focusing on the mechanical study of the brain anatomy and physiology, and was well aware that there is also significance of it in improving health in general. “Other studies in different patient populations have shown that meditation can make significant improvements in a variety of symptoms, and we are now investigating the underlying mechanisms in the brain that facilitate this change.”

The Alzheimer’s Research and Prevention Foundation says that meditation can actually help in reducing memory loss from Alzheimer’s and added that further studies need to be conducted.

There was a study in 2009 exploring the effects of a certain chanting meditation, Kirtan Kriya. “The PCG [posterior cingulate gyrus] is a critically important anatomical area, because it is the first part of the brain to decrease in function when a person develops Alzheimer’s disease. Perhaps it’s possible, therefore, that if everyone did Kirtan Kriya and activated their PCG on a regular basis, the number of people who develop Alzheimer’s would diminish.” This study conducted meditation in an average of 12 minutes a day and shows positive effects from it.

The study is published in the issue of Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging.


Gang Members Suffer Mental Problems – Duhhh

Brits have a tendency to obsess with minutiae and restate the obvious while being unable to comprehend the deeper meaning of something or appreciate simple cause and effect. A good example of this characteristic is a study conducted to determine if gang members have mental problems.

Unsurprisingly, the study concluded that young men who are gang members suffer unprecedented levels of psychiatric illness, placing a heavy burden on mental health services. This brilliant discover was made by the Queen Mary University of London.

The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and Maurice & Jacqueline Bennett Charitable Trust funded the study which surveyed 4,664 men aged 18 to 34 in Britain. The survey covered measures of psychiatric illness, violence and gang membership. It is the first time research has looked into whether gang violence is associated with psychiatric illness, other than substance misuse.

The survey sample was weighted to include significant numbers from areas with high gang membership (Hackney and Glasgow East), lower social classes and areas with a higher than average population of ethnic minority residents.

Of the total sample, 3,284 (70.4 per cent) reported that they had not been violent in the past five years, 1,272 (27.3 per cent) said they had assaulted another person or been involved in a fight, and 108 (2.1 per cent) said they were currently a member of a gang. Using these results the participants were split into three groups – gang members, violent men and non-violent men for the analysis.

Both violent men and gang members were found to be younger than non-violent men, more likely to have been born in the UK and more likely to be unemployed.

In terms of mental health, gang members and violent men were significantly more likely to suffer from a mental disorder and access psychiatric services than non-violent men. The exception was depression, which was significantly less common among gang members and violent men.

Violent ruminative thinking, violent victimisation and fear of further victimisation were significantly higher in gang members and believed to account for high levels of psychosis and anxiety disorder in gang members.

The findings showed that, of the 108 gang members surveyed:

  • 85.8 per cent had an antisocial personality disorder;
  • Two-thirds were alcohol dependent;
  • 25.1 per cent screened positive for psychosis;
  • More than half (57.4 per cent) were drug dependent;
  • Around a third (34.2 per cent) had attempted suicide; and
  • More than half (58.9 per cent) had an anxiety disorder.

Professor Jeremy Coid, Director of Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit at Queen Mary, and lead author of the paper said: “No research has previously investigated whether gang violence is related to psychiatric illness, other than substance misuse, or if it places a burden on mental health services.

“Here we have shown unprecedented levels among this group, identifying a complex public health problem at the intersection of violence, substance misuse, and mental health problems among young men.

“It is probable that, among gang members, high levels of anxiety disorder and psychosis were explained by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the most frequent psychiatric outcome of exposure to violence. However this could only partly explain the high prevalence of psychosis, which warrants further investigation.

“With street gangs becoming increasingly evident in UK cities, membership should be routinely assessed in young men presenting to healthcare services with psychiatric illness in urban areas with high levels of gang activity.”

The authors suggest that the higher rate of attempted suicide attempts among gang members may be associated with other psychiatric illness, but could also correspond with the notion that impulsive violence may be directed both outwardly and inwardly.

Street gangs are concentrated in inner urban areas characterised by socioeconomic deprivation, high crime rates and multiple social problems. The authors report that around one per cent of 18 to 34-year-old men in Britain are gang members. The level rises to 8.6 per cent in the London borough of Hackney, where one in five black men reported gang membership.

Professor Coid added: “A potential limitation of the study is that survey participants were aged 18 to 34 and the average age for gang membership is 15. So gang members in this study should be considered ‘core’ gang members who have not stopped in early adulthood. We need further longitudinal studies to see if our findings are due to factors specific to this group.”

The research was published in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

Instead of studying what is already known, the decay of British society should be studied to determine why so many families are unable to provide a nurturing environment for children and why the wholesale abuse of children persists in Britain after centuries of cultural evolution. The study should dig deep and uncover the rot at the roots of Britain and explore why child abusers and pedophiles are put into positions of power and protected by the British government. The study could even look at the relationship between the forced drugging of Britain by water fluoridation and the resulting loss of IQ and increase in suggestibility.

For more information read Jersey Abuse Case Exposes Vast Conspiracy

The Black Underbelly of Windows 8.1 Blue

As Windows 8.1 Milestone Preview testers push and prod their way into the dark corners of Windows 8.1 “Blue,” they’re finding a bunch of things that go bump in the night. From new and likely unwelcome features, to nudges into the Microsoft data tracking sphere, to entire lopped-off pieces of Windows 8, it looks like Microsoft is changing Windows to further its own agenda.

I’m not talking about the well-documented gotchas with the Win 8.1 Preview — Microsoft makes no bones about the fact you won’t be able to upgrade directly from the Preview to the final, shipping version of Windows 8.1, for example, and it warns repeatedly that you can’t uninstall the Milestone Preview. I’m also not talking about typical beta blues — clicking on a Metro app button and getting dumped back on the Metro Start screen kind of comes with the beta-testing ride. Nor am I talking about the updates to the Preview that have already shipped: I count 10 installed on my 64-bit test machine through Windows Update (not bad for a beta that’s only been out for a couple of weeks).

The changes I’m seeing are more … inscrutable. Some people think they’re sinister. Few of them have even a wisp of documentation. We potential Windows 8.1 customers are left trying to figure out what Microsoft intends to do and how the changes will affect the way we work.

Microsoft Accounts bare its fangs
With Windows 8, you’re encouraged to set up every new Windows user with a Microsoft Account— which is to say, it’s easy to set up a new user by employing an email address that’s been registered with Microsoft. It’s possible to create a new Win8 user without providing a Microsoft Account, but you need to click a few rather obscure links in the setup routine to get around the restriction.

On the other hand, it’s very difficult to install Windows 8.1 “Blue” Preview without using a Microsoft Account. While there are some clever workarounds to bypass the forced Microsoft Account login, you have to be quite persistent to get the Preview installed without linking your installation — your computer’s unique ID — to your Microsoft Account.

Microsoft says that the Microsoft Account requirement will be lifted for the final release:


In order to use Windows 8.1 Preview you must sign in to your PC with a Microsoft account. The option to create a local account will be made available at the final release of Windows 8.1.

But there are no details about how the requirement will be lifted or whether the same hoops that worked with Windows 8 will work with the final version of Windows 8.1

Microsoft can track your local searches
If you use Microsoft Bing or Google search — or almost any other search engine — you already know that Microsoft and/or Google can and do keep track of your searches. That’s why a casual Web search for “flugelhorn” will result in you seeing targeted ads for flugelhorns on almost every site you visit for the following month.

But running a search on your computer for “flugelhorn” through the Windows 8 Search charm doesn’t increase your chances of seeing online ads for flugelhorns — I think. Although I can’t find a suitable legalistic disclaimer anywhere, Microsoft doesn’t appear to be scraping, storing, and regurgitating local computer search strings to, uh, enhance your shopping experience.

That’s changing by default in Windows 8.1. The new Win8.1 Smart Search — invoked by default through the Windows 8.1 Search charm — not only searches your computer for the string you specify. It also, all by itself, gathers up the terms and runs them through a Bing search. Making this cool new feature all the more lovable, Microsoft has officially announced that advertisers will be able to dish up advertising to your computer, based on the searches you perform on your computer.

Bing Ads will be an integral part of the new Windows 8.1 Smart Search experience. Now, with a single campaign setup, advertisers can connect with consumers across Bing, Yahoo, and the new Windows Search with highly relevant ads for their search queries. In addition, Bing Ads will include Web previews of websites and the latest features like site links, location, and call extensions, making it easier for consumers to complete tasks and for advertisers to drive qualified leads.

Unless you make Smart Search dumb, you not only hand Microsoft a complete history of all of your local computer search terms, you open your machine up to even more lovely ads, doled out on the Search results pane. If you search for “flugelhorn” on your local computer — not on the Web, mind you, but on your own computer — the results that Windows 8.1 shows you will include advertisements for flugelhorns on eBay and Amazon (no, I’m not joking — try it), local flugelhorn manufacturers, flugelhorn party consultants, and no doubt some day flugelhorn addiction services.

You can turn Smart Search off by bringing up the Settings charm, clicking or tapping Change PC Settings, then choosing Search and Apps, and moving the Use Bing to Search Online slider off.

The Windows Experience Index bites the dust — or does it?
If you look for the Windows Experience Index in the Windows 8.1 “Blue” Preview, you won’t find it. While nobody ever took WEI too seriously — it’s a bit preposterous to think that you can distill a PC’s performance down to a single number — I’ve long used WEIs to quickly compare computers while I’m out shopping. They’re also useful to double-check on new drivers, to see if they’ve boosted or strangled processing speeds.

Nobody knows for sure — and Microsoft hasn’t commented at all — but it appears the WEI is dead. Nazmus Khandaker on the McAkins Online blog puts it this way:

Microsoft removed the Experience Index from Windows RT but kept it on the original release of Windows 8 in October 2012. However with Windows 8.1, Microsoft has decided to kill off the Experience Index completely. I have tested this on several PCs (touch and nontouch). Before upgrading my PCs, I was able to view the Experience Index on Windows 8.0. After upgrading to Windows 8.1, they were no longer present.

One possible reason for its sudden disappearance: The lofty and expensive Microsoft Surface Pro gets a 5.6 on the WEI scale. That would’ve been a good score three or four years ago on a middle-of-the-road PC. I have an old single-core i3 machine with a Windows 8 WEI of 7.0.

The Metro Photos app loses its connections
The Windows 8.1 Metro Photos app that’s circulating at the moment is a mess. While it sports a few new features — crop, rotate, auto slideshows, red-eye removal, all the features you would’ve expected from a photo app 10 years ago — the current app can’t even access photos stored on a network share or on SkyDrive. Clearly, it was rushed out the door.

The reason for the trampled release appears to be Microsoft’s canning of its Facebook and Flickr links.

Windows 8 had automatic connections to your local pictures library, network shares, SkyDrive, Facebook, and Flickr; Win8 combines photos from all of those sources and offers them up with one, unified view. The Windows 8.1 “Blue” Preview can only get at local pictures. It uses the cumbersome-but-finger-friendly “file picker” metaphor for selecting files and folders. Barb Bowman, community moderator for Microsoft’s Answers forum and a Microsoft MVP, took Microsoft to task:

Photos App in 8.1 loses most of its best features, e.g., Facebook/Flickr support, network/homegroup support. I’ve just installed the 8.1 Preview on a desktop. The Photos App has changed:

1. No longer includes the ability to show images from Facebook, Flickr, SkyDrive

2. No longer allows images from other computers or the network

Microsoft hasn’t responded officially to the burgeoning complaints, although a person who identified herself as Microsoft employee CarmenZ posted this in response:

In Windows 8, we wanted to provide a way for folks to view their photos on other services knowing there would be few (if any) apps in the store at launch that would do so.  Now there are many apps in the store that offer ways to view photos on other services and soon there will even be a Facebook app from Facebook. We’re confident Facebook will offer great ways to view and engage socially with photos on Facebook.  We welcome Flickr to do the same. In addition, the People app still offers the ability to socially engage with your friends and even your own photos.

Undeterred, Bowman fired back:

This morning I was sending a tweet in a Windows 8[.1] App and when I used the image button, the Photos App opened (and not Windows Explorer, which is what happens on RTM W8) and was able to attach a file from a networked computer. This is more evidence that the Photos App is part of the OS and not an app … Since the navigation is there, as evidenced by my experience, the question remains as to why there is no support for network folders in the Photos app itself. Microsoft has responded on the Facebook issue on the original thread, but has pointedly not answered the other questions.

If I were to speculate, I’d say that Microsoft ripped out the Facebook and Flickr parts of Metro Photos and, in a hurry, took out SkyDrive and network folder support. It’s inconceivable to me that Microsoft would release a Metro Photos app without copious connections to SkyDrive — if only to sell more SkyDrive space.

About the same time this observation hit the fan, Microsoft announced, quite unexpectedly, that Facebook would finally build a Metro Facebook app.

I think we’re seeing a quid pro quo in action — Facebook finally agrees to join the Windows Store and, in exchange, Microsoft agrees to drop Facebook integration from Metro Photos. If true, might other Microsoft Metro apps follow suit? And where’s the Metro Flickr app?

Times really have changed if Facebook can arm-wrestle Microsoft into submission.

(Thanks for the heads-up, AR.)

This story, “A look at the black underbelly of Windows 8.1 ‘Blue’,” was originally published Get the first word on what the important tech news really means with the InfoWorld Tech Watch blog. For the latest developments in business technology news, follow on Twitter.